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Issue #246 - December 2012

Revenues and Expenditures of Public 4-Year Institutions by State, 1987 to 2010

Since 1980 states have been reducing their investment efforts in higher education. Between 1980 and 2012 state fiscal support for higher education declined from $10.47 per $1000 of state personal income to $5.89 based on the Grapevine data. In this Issue of OPPORTUNITY you can read our analysis of the future of higher education for students and their families.


Issue #245 - November 2012

Family Income and Unequal Educational Opportunity, 1970 to 2011

This issue focuses on the relationship between family income and educational opportunity, particularly higher education opportunity. Our analysis of bachelor's degree attainment by age 24 finds that students born into the top quartile of family income (above $105,000) were seven times more likely to have earned a bachelor's degree by age 24 than were students born into the bottom quartile (below $33,000)....For this reason higher education has deservedly been called an Engine of Division.


Issue #243 - September 2012

Time Use of Full-Time College Students, 2003 to 2010

This issue of Opportunity examines data on the time use of full-time college students. Students spend an average of 3.3 hours per day either in the classroom or doing research or homework outside of the classroom. Instead of pursuing academic matters, they spend an average of 4.2 hours per day on sports and leisure activities. These data suggest that full-time college enrollment is more a lifestyle of leisure than it is a serious and committed academic pursuit for most students.


Issue #244 - October 2012

Hispanics and Higher Education

This issue of OPPORTUNITY is focused on the very rapidly growing Hispanic population and their severe under-representation and underperformance in education, particularly higher education. Hispanics are a quarter of the live births in the U.S., and these babies will eventually become a quarter of the adults, workers, voters, parents and taxpayers of the country. Yet Hispanic students leave the education pipeline far sooner than do students from other racial/ethnic groups. They drop out of high school at greater rates, continue their educations at lower rates, and are less likely to complete bachelors degree programs than do other students. As a result by age 25 to 29 Hispanics are only about a third as likely as whites to have completed a bachelor's degree or more from higher education. 


Issue #242 - August 2012

Taxes - 1929 to 2011

This issue of OPPORTUNITY focuses on taxes. Public higher education is in the process of being weaned from government funding and is being privatized. Public policy makers appear to think that cutting taxes and government services and investments is more important than investing in the future through higher education. So in this analysis we take a hard look ar the taxes Americans pay. Our analysis finds that Americans already pay among the very lowest taxes among the industrial democracies of the world, that the federal tax share of income has declined substantially since World War II.....


Issue #241 - July 2012

State Flagship Universities and Opportunity for Higher Education 1986 to 2010

This issue of OPPORTUNITY focuses on state cutbacks in higher education funding at state flagship universities since 1980 and the resulting cost-shift from state taxpayers to students and their families. In particular we are concerned about opportunity for higher education and how different groups - students - have been affected by this cost-shift.


Issue #240 - June 2012

This issue of OPPORTUNITY: College Continuation Rates for Recent High School Graduates, 1960 to 2011 we examine recently released data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics on college continuation rates for 2011 high school graduates. By October 2011 68.3% were enrolled in a public or private 4-year or 2-year college somewhere in the United States. This college continuation rate is roughly similar to the rates over the last eight years. But in 2011 something most unusual happened: the college continuation rate for minorities (68.5%) exceeded the rate for white non-Hispanics (68.1%). Article 2: High School and College Student Employment 1969 to 2011 -the share of college students who have jobs has been on the decline since the late 1990s. To say the student employment is in crisis is inadequate and an understatement-the current situation is more like a catastrophe.


Issue #240 - June 2012 Article 1

College Continuation Rates for Recent High School Graduates, 1960 to 2011 

Issue #240 - June 2012 Article 2

High School and College Student Employment, 1969 to 2011 

Issue #239 - May 2012

Interstate Migration of College Freshmen, 1986 to 2010

This issue of OPPORTUNITY examines interstate migration of college freshmen. Each year about 18% of freshmen beginning college directly after high school leave their home state to enroll in another state. These students tend to be more affluent than the average college freshmen and the more affluent their families the farther they tend to go to enroll. We examine these data from the perspective of the attractiveness of each state's higher education offerings, particularly private & public 4-yrear colleges & universities.


Issue #238 - April 2012

Bachelor's Degree Attainment in the United States and OECD Countries, 1940 to 2011

In this issue of OPPORTUNITY we examine U.S. and international bachelor's degree attainment rates among young adults. Compared to the international data American graduation rates have stagnated while they have been surging in other countries. Among 25 to 34 year olds the U.S. has dropped from 2nd in 2003 to 11th by 2009 among the industrial democracies of the world. By 2020 the U.S. will rank 18th--not 1st as President Obama has set as a national goal.


Issue #237 - March 2012

Here they come......Students from Low Income Families and Higher Education Opportunity by State, 1989 to 2011.....ready or not   CORRECTED ISSUE

This issue of OPPORTUNITY focuses on the growing populations of students in low income families in every state. Nationally over half of the students now in K-12 education have been approved for a free or reduced-price school lunch. When these students reach college they will have zero resources to pay college attendance costs that begin at $15,000 to $20,000 per year.


Issue #237 - March 2012 -- Specific State Charts


Issue #236 - February 2012

The race to zero....State Fiscal Support for Higher Education, FY1961 to FY2012 

In this Issue of OPPORTUNITY our analysis for each state combines state fiscal support with state personal income to derive state fiscal support for higher education per $1000 of state personal income for each state and year between 1961 and 2012. To emphasize the seriousness of the erosion in state higher education investment effort since 1980, we have extrpolated the trend between 1980 and 2012 to calculate the year in which each state's fiscal support will reach zero. Colorado will be the first state in another 15 years, but many other states will follow soon thereafter and eventually all states will zero out state fiscal support for higher education.


Issue #236 - February 2012 -- State Specific Charts

You can download an 8 1/2 x 11 Fiscal Support chart for your state on our States pages - click on the state of your choice. 

Issue #236 - February 2012 Chart on page 6

State Fiscal Support for Higher Eudcation per $1000 of State Personal Income -- chart on page 6 of the February 2012 Issue #236. 

Issue #235 - January 2012

This issue of OPPORTUNITY: The inconvenient truth...Family Income and Educational Attainment, 1970 to 2010 is devoted to our annual analysis of data from the Census Bureau on educational progression and attainment by levels of family income.  Students from different family income backgrounds are sorted, tracked and either encouraged or discouraged to persist and attain according to their inherited family income backgrounds. This process is especially brutal in higher education where nearly all efforts—perhaps including yours in enrollment management—have been directed toward and benefit almost entirely students born into the top half of family incomes, above about $61,600.